Anwar Huq

Research Professor 


Email: or

Office Phone: (301) 405-7428

Office Address: Bioscience Research Building #413, Room 3132


Research Interest:


Understanding the survival, multiplication and transmission of pathogens that   are autochthonous in the environment targeted for disease prevention and intervention. Climate has significant impact on the occurrence, survival, multiplication of environmental organisms and its ability to cause disease. Studying waterborne pathogens, primary focusing on Vibrio cholerae, which is the causative agent of cholera. Conventional bacteriological, immunological and molecular methods, as well as bioinformatics and satellite remote sensing are being employed to develop a global prediction model with the ultimate goal to prevent cholera. Safe drinking water has also been a focus in my research and a simple filtration method for safe drinking water was developed, which has been proven to save lives and prevent suffering in an extensive clinical field trial carried out in Bangladesh.  


Publication: Years, Jan 2011-Feb 2016 (out of total publication over 250).

1. Janelidze N., E. Jaiani, N Lashkhi, A. Tskhvediani, T. Kokashvili, T. Gvarishvili, D.
Jgenti, E. Mikashavidze, R. Diasmidze, S. Narodny, R. Obiso, C.A. Whitehouse, A. Huq,
M. Tediashvili. 2011. Microbial water quality of the Georgian coastal zone of the Black
Sea. Mar Pollut Bull. 62(3):573-580.

2. Constantin de Magny G., P. K. Mozumder, C. J. Grim, N. A. Hasan, M. N. Naser, M.
Alam, R. B. Sack, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell. 2011. Role of Zooplankton Diversity in Vibrio
cholerae Population Dynamics and in the incidence of Cholera in the Bangladesh
Sundarbans: Appl Environ Microbiol.77:6125-6132 DOI:10.1128/AEM.01472-10]

3. Mozumdar, P. K., N. Naser, M. Alam and A. Huq. 2011. Abundance and Seasonal
Diversity of Zooplankton in Coastal Aquatic Environments of Mathbaria, Bangladesh. J.
Dhaka Univ. I. Biol. Sci. 20(2):163-171.


4. Akanda, A.S., A.S. Jutla, M. Alam, g. Constantine de Magny, A. K. Siddique, R.B. Sack,
A. Huq, R.R. Colwell and S. Islam, 2011. “Hydroclimatic Influences on Seasonal and
Spatial Cholera Transmission Cycles: Implications for Public Health Intervention in the
Bay of Bengal”. Water Resources Res, 47:1-11. Doi:10.1029/2010WR009914


5. Kirschner, A., K. T., S. Schauer, B. Steinberger, I. Wilhartitz, C. J. Grim, A. Huq, R. R.
Colwell, A. Herzig, and R. Sommer. 2011. Interaction of Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-
O139 with Copepods, Cladocerans and Competing Bacteria in the Large Alkaline Lake
Neusiedler See, Austria. Environ. Microbiol. 61:496-506. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-010-


6. Alam, M., A. Islam, N. A. Bhuiyan, N. Rahim, A. Hossain, G. Y. Khan, D. Ahmed, H.
Watanabe, H. Izumiya, A. S. G. Faruque, A. S. Akanda, S. Islam, R. B. Sack, A. Huq, R.
R. Colwell, A. Cravioto. 2011. Clonal transmission, dual peak, and off-season cholera in
Bangladesh. Infect. Ecol. and Epidemiol. 1:1-11. DOI: 10.4302/iee.v1i0.7273.


7. Mozumder, P. K., M. N. Naser, M. Alam, R. B. Sack, R. R. Colwell and A. Huq. 2011.
Taxonomical study of the rotifera fauna of Mathbaria in Southern part of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh J. Zool. 39(1):1-10.


8. Haley, B. J., A. Chen, C. J. Grim, P. Clark, C. M. Diaz, E. Taviani, N. A. Hasan, E.
Sancomb, W. Mahmoud Elnemr, M. A. Islam, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell and E.
Benediktsdóttir. 2012. Vibrio cholerae in an Historically Cholera Free Country. Environ.
Microbiol. Rep. DOI: 10.1111/j.1758-2229.2012.00332.x


9. Nahar S, Sultana M, Naser MN, Nair GB, Watanabe H, Ohnishi M, Yamamoto S, Endtz
H, Cravioto A, Sack RB, Hasan NA, Sadique A, Huq A, Colwell RR, Alam M. 2012. Role
of Shrimp Chitin in the Ecology of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae and Cholera Transmission.
Front Microbiol. 2012;2:260. Epub 2012 Jan 4.


10. Banakar, V., G. Constantin de Magny, J. Jacobs, R. Murtugudde, A. Huq, B. Wood, and
R. Colwell. 2012. Temporal and spatial variability in the distribution of Vibrio vulnificus in
the Chesapeake Bay: A Hindcast study. EcoHealth. DOI: 10.1007/s10393-011-0736-4.


11. Gurbanov S., R. Akhmadov, G. Shamkhalova, S. Akhmadova, B. J. Haley, R. R. Colwell
and A. Huq. Occurrence of Vibrio cholerae in Municipal and Natural Waters and
Incidence of Cholera in Azerbaijan. 2012. J. Ecohealth. 8(4):468-77. doi:


12. Stauder, M., A. Huq, E. Pezzati, C. J. Grim, P. Ramoino, L. Pane, R. R. Colwell, C.
Pruzzo and L. Vezzulli. 2012. Role of GbpA protein, an important virulence-related
colonization factor, for Vibrio cholerae’s survival in the aquatic environment.
Environmental Microbiol. Rep. doi:10.1111/j.1758-2229.2012.00356.x


13. Hasan, N. A., S. Y. Choi, M. Eppinger, J. B. Prosper, P. W. Clark, M. Alam, A. Chen, E.
Taviani, B. Haley J. Jakupciak, H. Lee, S. Lansing, M. McDonald, A. Cravioto, A. Huq, J.
Ravel, T. Cebula, and R. R. Colwell. 2012. A closer inspection of Haitian Cholera
Outbreak 2010. PNAS, 109 (29) E2010–E2017. doi/10.1073/pnas.1207359109.


14. Rashid, A., B. J. Haley, M. Rajabov, S. Ahmadova S. Gurbanov, R. Colwell, A. Huq.
Detection of Vibrio cholerae in Environmental Waters Including 1 Drinking Water
Reservoirs of Azerbaijan. 2012. Environmental Microbiol Reports. DOI: 10.1111/j.1758-


15. Taviani, E., M. Spagnoletti, D. Ceccarelli, B. J. Haley, N. A. Hasan, A. Chen, M. M.
Colombo, A. Huq and R. R. Colwell. 2012. Genomic analysis of ICEVchBan8: An
atypical genetic element in Vibrio cholerae. FEBS Letter. 586(11): 1617–1621.


16. Johnson, C. N., J. C. Bowers, K. J. Griffitt, V. Molina, R. W. Clostio, S. Pei, E. Laws, R.
N. Paranjpye, M. S. Strom, A. Chen, N. A. Hasan, A. Huq, N. F. Noriea III, D. J. Grimes,
and R. R. Colwelle. 2012. Ecology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus in
the Coastal and Estuarine Waters of Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, and Washington
(United States). Appl Environ. Microbiol. 78(20):7249–7257. DOI:10.1128/AEM.01296-


17. Rashed, S. M., S. B. Mannan, F. Johura, M. T. Islam, A. Sadique, H. Watanabe, R. B.
Sack, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell, A. Cravioto, and M. Alam. 2012. Genetic Characteristics of
Drug Resistant V. cholerae O1 Causing Endemic Cholera in Dhaka, 2006-2011. J. Med
Microbiol. 61:1736-1745. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.049635-0.


18. Hasan, N. A, S. Y. Choi, M. Alam, A .Cravioto, A. Huq, T. A. Cebula, & R. R. Colwell.
2012. Reply to Mekalanos et al.: Genomic diversity of Vibrio cholerae. Proc Natl Acad
Sci, 109(47), E3207-E3207.


19. Hasan, N. A, S. Y. Choi, M. Alam, A .Cravioto, A. Huq, T. A. Cebula, & R. R. Colwell.
2012. Reply to Frerichs et al.: Chasing the genetic diversity, not source attribution. Proc
Natl Acad Sci,109(47), E3209-E3209.


20. Chomvarin C, F. T. Johura, S.B. Mannan, W. Jumroenjit, B. Kanoktippornchai, W.
Tangkanakul, N. Tantisuwichwong, S. Huttayananont, H. Watanabe, N.A. Hasan, A.
Huq, A. Cravioto, R. Colwell, M. Alam. 2013. Drug response and genetic properties
of Vibrio cholerae associated with endemic cholera in Northeastern Thailand, 2003-
2011. J Med Microbiol. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.053801-0


21. Jutla, A., A. Akanda, A. Huq, A. G. Farouque, R. Colwell and S Islam. 2013. A water
marker monitored by satellites to predict seasonal endemic cholera. J. Remote Sensing
Letters, 4(8):822–831.


22. Rowe, I, M. Elahi, A. Huq, and S. Sukharev. 2013. The mechanoelectrical response of
the cytoplasmic membrane of Vibrio cholerae. J. Gen Physiol. 142:75-85.


23. Jaiani E, T. Kokashvili , N. Mitaishvili, T. Elbakidze, N. Janelidze, N. Lashkhi, R.
Kalandadze, E. Mikashavidze, G. Natroshvili , C. A. Whitehouse, A. Huq, M. Tediashvili.
2013. Microbial water quality of recreational lakes near Tbilisi, Georgia. J Water Health,
11(2):333-345. doi: 10.2166/wh.2013.057.


24. Akanda, Ali, A. Jutla, D. Gute, R. Sack, M. Alam, A. Huq, R. Colwell, and S. Islam.
2013. Population Vulnerability to Biannual Cholera Outbreaks and Associated Macro-
Scale Drivers in Bengal Delta. Amer. J. Trop. Med Hyg, pp 89(5):950-959.


25. Jutla, A., E. Whitcombe, N. Hasan, B. Haley, A. Akanda, A. Huq , M. Alam, B. Sack, R.
Colwell. 2013. Environmental Factors Influencing Epidemic Cholera. Amer. J. Trop. Med.
& Hyg. 07/2013; DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.12-0721.


26. Alam, M., S. M Rashed, S. B. Mannan, T. Islam, M. L. Lizarraga-Partida, G. Delgado, R.
Morales., J. L. Mendez, A. Navarro, H. Watanabe, M. Ohnishi, N. A. Hasan. A. Huq, G.
B. Nair, R. B. Sack, R. R. Colwell, and A. Cravioto. 2013. Vibrio cholerae CTX+ El Tor
with an additional Truncated CTX Prophage Displaces Classical and Altered El Tor in
Mexico, 1998 – 2008. J. Emerging Infect Dis.


27. Hasan, A. N., D. Ceccarelli, C. J. Grim, E. Taviani, J. Choi, A. Sadique, M. Alam, A. K.
Siddique, R. B. Sack, A. Huq, and R. R. Colwell. 2013. Distribution of virulence genes in
clinical and environmental Vibrio cholerae in Bangladesh. App Environ. Microbiol.
79(18):5782. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01113-13.


28. Rashed, S. M., A. Iqbal, S B. Mannan, T. Islam, M. Rashid, F. Johura, H. Watanabe, N.
A. Hasan, A. Huq, O. C. Stine, R. B. Sack, R. R. Colwell, and M. Alam. 2013. Vibrio
cholerae O1 El Tor and O139 Bengal Strains Carrying ctxBET, Bangladesh. J. Emerging
Infect. Dis, 19(10):1713-1715.


29. Ceccarelli, D., M. Spagnoletti, N. A. Hasan, S. Lansing, A. Huq, and R. R. Colwell. 2013.
A new Integrative Conjugative Element Detected in Haitian Isolates of Vibrio cholerae
non-O1/non-O139. Res Microbiol. 164(9):891-893. doi:10.1016/j.resmic.2013.08.004.


30. Haley, B. J., S. Y. Choi, N. A. Hasan, A. S. H. Abdullah, T. A. Cebula, A. Huq, R. R.
Colwell. 2013. Genome Sequences of Clinical Vibrio cholerae Isolates from an Oyster-
borne Cholera Outbreak, Florida, USA. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.


31. Ceccarelli, D., N. A. Hasan, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell. 2013. Virulence factors of epidemic
and pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Frontiers in Cellular and Infect Microbiol. 3: 97


32. Chomvarin, C., W. Jumroenjit, W. Namwat, W. Tangkanakul, N. A. Hasan, K.
Chaicumpar, K. Faksri, and A. Huq. 2014. Genotype and Drug Resistance of Clinical
and Environmental Vibrio cholerae non-O1 and non-O1/O139 in Northern Thailand. The
Southeast Asian J Trop Med and Pub Hlth. 45(6):1-11.


33. Rashed, S. M., A. S. Azman, M. Alam, S. Li, D. A. Sack, J. G. Morris, Jr., I. Longini, A. K.
Siddique, A. Iqbal, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell, R. B. Sack, O. C. Stine. 2014. Genetic
Analysis of Vibrio cholerae in the Human Population of Two Rural Communities in
Bangladesh During Outbreaks. J. Emerging Infect. Dis.


34. Haley, B. J., T. Kokashvili, A. Tskshvediani, N. Janelidze, N. Mitaishvili, C. J. Grim, G.
C.n de Magny, A. J. Chen, E. Taviani, T. Eliashvili, M. Tediashvili, C. Whitehouse, R. R
Colwell, and A. Huq. 2014. Molecular Diversity and Predictability of Vibrio
parahaemolyticus along the Georgian Coastal Zone of the Black Sea. Front. Microbiol.
10 February 2014 | doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00045


35. Alam, M., S. M. Rashed, S. B. Mannan, T. Islam, L. Lizarraga-¬Partida, G. Delgado, R.
Morales., J. L. Mendez, A. Navarro., H. Watanabe, M. Ohnishi, N. A. Hasan, A. Huq, R.
B. Sack, R. R. Colwell, and A. Cravioto. 2014. Occurrence in Mexico, 1998 – 2008, of
Vibrio cholerae CTX+ El Tor Carrying an Additional Truncated CTX Prophage. Proc Nat
Acd, Sc. 111(27):9917-9922, Jul 8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1323408111


36. Hasan, N. A., T. Rezayat, p. Blatz, S. Y. Choi, K. J. Griffitt, S. M. Rashed, A. Huq, , N.
Conger, R. R. Colwell, and D. J. Grimes. 2014. Non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae non-
O1/O139 Isolated from a Gulf Coast Case of Human Gastroenteritis. J. Clin. Microbiol.
October, 2014. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02187-14.


37. Urquhart, E. A., B. F. Zaitchika, S. D. Guikemab, B. J. Haley, E. Taviani, A. Chen, M. E.
Brown, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell. 2015. Use of Environmental Parameters to Model
Pathogenic Vibrios in Chesapeake Bay. J Environmental Informatics. 26(1):1-13.


38. Kahler, A.M., B. J. Haley, A. Chen, B. J. Mull, C. L. Tarr, M. Turnsek, L. Katz, M. S.
Humphrys, N. Freeman, J. Boncy, R. R. Colwell, A. Huq, and V. R. Hill. 2015.
Environmental Surveillance for Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae in Surface Waters of Haiti.
Amer. J. Trop. Med Hyeg. 92(1): 118-125. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0601


39. Jutla, A., A. Huq and R. R. Colwell. 2015. Diagnostic approach for monitoring
hydroclimatic conditions related to emergence of West Nile virus in West Virginia. Front.
Pub. Hlth. 3:10. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00010


40. Ceccarelli, D., A. Chen, N. Hasan, S. Rashed, A. Huq, and R. Colwell. 2015. Vibrio
cholerae non-O1/non-O139 carrying multiple virulence factors and V. cholerae O1 in the
Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81(6):1909-18.


41. Hasan, N. A., C. J. Grim , E. K Lipp , I. N.G. Rivera , J. Chun, B. J. Haley , E. Taviani , S.
Y. Choi , M. l Hoq , C. Munk , T. S. Brettin , D. Bruce , J. F. Challacombe , C. Detter ,C.
S. Han, J. A Eisen , A. Huq , R. R. Colwell. 2015. Deep-sea Hydrothermal Vent Bacteria
Related to Human Pathogenic Vibrio Species. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sc. May 112(21):E2813-
9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1503928112


42. Nasr-Azadani, Fariborz, A. Unnikrishnan, A. Akanda, S. Islam, M. Alam, A. Huq, A.
Jutla, R. Colwell. 2015. A framework for downscaling river discharge to assess the
effects of climate change on endemic cholera. J. Climate Res. doi: 10.3354/cr01310


43. Assadi, M., P. Chamanrokh, C. A. Whitehouse, A. Huq. 2015. Methods for Detecting the
Environmental Coccoid Form of Helicobacter pylori. Front Public Health. May 28(3):147.
doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00147


44. Jutla, Antarpreet, H. Aldach, H. Billian, R. Posa, A. Akanda, A. Huq, R. Colwell. 2015.
Satellite based assessment of hydroclimatic conditions related to cholera in Zimbabwe.
PLoS One.DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0137828.


45. Kokashvili, T., C. A. Whitehouse, A.Tskhvediani, C. J. Grim, T. Elbakidze, N. Mitaishvili,
N. Janelidze, E. Jaiani, B. J. Haley, N. Lashkhi, A. Huq, R. R. Colwell and M.
Tediashvili. 2015. Occurrence and diversity of clinically important Vibrio species in the
aquatic environment of Georgia. Front. J. Pub. Hlth. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00232.


46. Jutla, A., A. Ali, A. Unnikrishnan, W. Palaash, A. Huq, R. Colwell. 2015. Predictive Time
Series Analysis Linking Bengal Cholera with Terrestrial Water Storage Measured from
Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Sensors. Amer J Trop Med Hyg, 93(6):(#J.
Nature Geoscience. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0648


47. Choi, S. Young, S. M. Rashed, N. A. Hasan, M. Alam, T. Islam, A. Sadique, F. Johura,
M. Eppinger, J. Ravel, A. Huq, A. Cravioto, R. R. Colwell. 2016. Phylogenetic Diversity
of Vibrio cholerae Associated with Endemic Cholera in Mexico from 1991 to 2008. mBio
7(2):e02160-15. DOI:10.1128/mBio.02160-15