College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences

Plant Biology

The Plant Biology specialization provides rigorous training in broad areas of plant biology. Faculty in this specialization use state-of-the-art approaches in genetics of model organisms, cell biology, proteomics, bioinformatics, and functional genomics, to study development, phytohormone signaling, metabolomics, gene regulation, epigenetics, viral and microbial pathogen-plant interactions, plant defense, biofuels, and the evolutionary origins of higher plants. As highlighted in the 2009 report on "A New Biology for the 21st Century” by the U.S. National Research Council (NRC), greater investment in plant biology research and training is critical and urgently needed in order to address major societal challenges in food security, renewable energy, protecting the environment, and human health. The Plant Biology specialization is focused on meeting these needs through research, education and graduate student training.

This specialization area is interdepartmental and interdisciplinary, including not only the core faculty members in the Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics but also faculty in the Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Department of Biology, Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and the Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research. Our faculty members actively collaborate with researchers located in the Washington DC area including at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Smithsonian Institute, NIH , J. Craig Venter Institute , National Arboretum, Food & Drug Administration (FDA), and National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA). Our multidisciplinary and highly collaborative environment facilitates research advances and broadens educational and career opportunities for our students.

Graduate Program

The requirements for Ph.D. students in the Plant Biology specialization are intended to ensure that students receive broad and interdisciplinary training in plant biology, cell biology, genomics, and bioinformatics. Students are expected to develop not only technical expertise, but also the critical thinking skills necessary for a rewarding career as an independent scientist. All Ph.D. students in Plant Biology follow the first-year program of BISI-MOCB including the core courses, laboratory rotations and seminars for all entering BISI-MOCB graduate students. An advisory committee, in consultation with the research advisor, then helps each student choose the advanced courses that are appropriate for his/her research plans and career objectives.

In addition to formal courses, the program provides opportunities for critical discussion of the scientific literature through seminar courses and journal clubs. Students have ample opportunities to present their research and receive feedback from peers and faculty members at the weekly departmental Research In Progress(RIP) seminar series and monthly group meetings of Genetics with Eukaryotic Model Systems (GEMS) and the Arabidopsis thaliana Research Initiative at UM (ATRIUM). Students also participate in and present their research at annual regional meetings, such as the “Plant Biology Mini-Symposium”, the Mid-Atlantic Section of the American Society of Plant Biologists meetings and the Annual Mid-Atlantic Plant Molecular Biology Society Meeting, which bring together scientists from academia, industry and government agencies in the mid-Atlantic region and beyond. Our Ph.D. graduates (and postdocs) go on to postdoctoral, faculty and independent scientist positions at prominent universities, biotechnology companies and federal government agencies.

Graduate Courses in Plant Biology and related field

Faculty in Plant Biology & Research Areas

Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics (CBMG)

Caren Chang, Arabidopsis, ethylene signal transduction
Todd Cooke, Evolution of developmental mechanisms
Charles Delwiche, Molecular systematics, phylogeny, and evolution
José FeijóPlant Reproduction: pollen tube growth and fertilization; ion signalling
Steven Hutcheson, Biofuel, microbial genomics
June Kwak, Arabidopsis, abscisic acid signaling
Zhongchi Liu, Reproductive development in Arabidopsis and strawberry
Stephen Mount, Arabidopsis, pre-mRNA splicing
Donald Nuss, Chestnut Blight Fungus, Gene silencing
Anne Simon, Plant-virus interactions
Heven Sze, Transport and ion homeostasis in plants
Stephen Wolniak, Cell biology of fern development

Participating faculty from other units

Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture (PSLA)

Priscila Chaverri, Biodiversity, systematics, molecular phylogenetics, evolution of fungi
Gary Coleman, Functional genomics of forest tree development
Jose Costa, Breeding & Biotechnology
Angus Murphy, Plant hormone transport and modification of plant architecture
Maile Neel, Biodiversity and conservation
Joseph Sullivan, Plant ecophysiology
Jianhua Zhu, Abiotic stress, epigenetics, miRNA

Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research (IBBR)

James Culver, Plant-virus interactions
Shunyuan Xiao, Plant defense

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Ganesh Sriram, Metabolic engineering and systems biology

Department  of Environmental Science and Technology

Wendy Peer, Plant hormone transport

Department of Biology

Michele Dudash, Plant mating system, evolution
Charles Fenster, Evolutionary process